- Is there any pattern or particular intensity of participation and does it shift?
- How are silent people treated and how is their silence interpreted?
- Who talks to whom? Is there any underlying reason for this?
- Who keeps the ball rolling? How? Why?
- Is there any subgrouping: consistently agreeing or disagreeing?
- Is there an ‘in crowd’? How are those who are ‘out’ treated?
- Do some members move in and out (coming forward or sitting back)? – under what conditions?
- Which members are high in influence? Which low? And is there any shift?
- How do they influence: autocratically? democratically?
- Is there any rivalry in the group? How does this affect the others?
- Are certain topics taboo? Who reinforces this and how?
- Is there too high a degree of politeness and agreement?
- What happens when members disagree?
- Are there any underlying ‘house rules’ in operation?
- Who identifies the topic for discussion and how does (s)he gain agreement on this?
- Does the group jump from topic to topic? Who seems to encourage this? Why?
- Who is supportive of others’ suggestions and decisions?
- Is there evidence of the majority overriding the minority (eg by voting) or does the group drive for consensus?
- Is anybody apparently ignored?
- Who seems to prefer a friendly congenial atmosphere and how do they attempt to create it?
- Who seems to prefer an atmosphere of conflict and disagreement and how do they attempt to create it?
- How would you describe the general atmosphere?
- What signs of feeling do you observe in group members?
- Are there any attempts to block the expression of negative feelings?
- To what extent do you observe fight defences exhibited?: competition, cynicism, interrogation?
- To what extent do you observe flight defences exhibited? : intellectualisation, generalisation, projection, rationalisation, withdrawal?
- Is there any obvious ‘pairing’ taking place where two individuals always support each other’s case?
- Can you see any evidence of ‘red-crossing’ – similar to ‘pairing’ but where they automatically rush to each other’s aid – like a pact?
- Or is the tendency to ‘focus on one’ when there is an issue in the hope of avoiding wider questions which make other people vulnerable?
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